Book type: History
Author: Joshua, son of Nun; Eleazar the high priest and Phinehas, his son; other contemporaries of Joshua.
No. of chapters: 24
Key character(s): God, Moses, Joshua. 
Brief description: Joshua – Lessons for a prosperous people.
01) God brought victory to the people of the book (1:1-12:24)
02) God divides the spoils of victory according to the needs of his people (13:1-21:45)
03) God calls his victorious people to unity in worship & devotion (22:1-24:33)
Joshua means “Jehovah is his help”, “Jehovah the Saviour”, “Yahweh is deliverance” or “opulence” in Hebrew.
What should God’s people learn from prosperity?
The book of Joshua emphasises these truths:
01) God acts in history to fulfil his promises.
02) God seeks to provide rest for his people.
03) God has ethical expectations of his people.
04) God punishes a disobedient people.
05) God will win the victory.
[Source: NIV Disciple’s Study Bible]
Numbers might be a bleak account of the Israelites’ stubbornness, if it were not outweighed by God’s faithfulness and protection. This is the fourth book in the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible. It’s an historical account but also teaches important lessons about God fulfilling his promises.
Themes in the Book of Joshua:
God’s love for his chosen people continues in the book of Joshua. In the first five books of the Bible, God brought the Jews out of slavery in Egypt and established his covenant with them. Joshua returns them to their Promised Land, where God helps them conquer it and gives them a home.
Fuller list of major characters in the book of Joshua:
|Moses||Led Hebrew slaves out of Egypt; parted Red Sea; gave Law and 10 commandments at Mt. Sinai.|
|Joshua||Son of Nun, assistant to Moses, who eventually leads the Hebrew people into the Promise Land after Moses dies.|
|Rahab||Woman who hid 2 Israelite spies before the conquest of Jericho & Canaan.|