Exodus 17:11b (ANIV)
[As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning,] but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning.
TIME OF DAY:
Unspecified in the Bible narrative, I have set this scene in the late morning.
The sun (high in the sky & unseen on the right) is illuminating this scene, and casting shadows to the left of figures and objects.
Left to right, on the hilltop (in the foreground): Hur, Moses (with the staff lowered) & Aaron. One guard/soldier.
In the background we can see the Israelites (in brown coloured robes) running to the left (in defeat), & the Amalekites (predominantly in light yellow/green robes) running towards them (in victory).
This scene is very similar to the previous one, the only differences are the positions of Moses’ hands & the position on the battlefield. Moses probably grew tired quite quickly, after all, it is difficult to keep your hands up in the air, & even more so if you are holding something up like a staff!
According to verse 11, “As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning”. This is what is happening on the battlefield at this point in time: the Israelites soldiers are retreating from the advancing Amalekite army.