Exodus 3:9-22 (ANIV)
[God continued to say] 9 “And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10 So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.”
11 But Moses said to God, “Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?”
12 And God said, “I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you  will worship God on this mountain.”
13 Moses said to God, “Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ Then what shall I tell them?”
14 God said to Moses, “I am who I am.  This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I am has sent me to you.’ “
15 God also said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites, ‘The Lord,  the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob—has sent me to you.’ This is my name for ever, the name by which I am to be remembered from generation to generation.
16 “Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob—appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt. 17 And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites—a land flowing with milk and honey.’
18 “The elders of Israel will listen to you. Then you and the elders are to go to the king of Egypt and say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God.’ 19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him. 20 So I will stretch out my hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders that I will perform among them. After that, he will let you go.
21 “And I will make the Egyptians favourably disposed towards this people, so that when you leave you will not go empty-handed. 22 Every woman is to ask her neighbour and any woman living in her house for articles of silver and gold and for clothing, which you will put on your sons and daughters. And so you will plunder the Egyptians.”
The Hebrew is plural.
Or, I will be what I will be.
The Hebrew for Lord sounds like & may be derived from the Hebrew for, I am, in Exodus 3:14.
TIME OF DAY:
Unspecified in Bible narrative. Daytime.
The sun lights the scene from the right. The burning bush also provides a warm, yellow glow.
There are two versions of this scene:
01) (Previous page) Exodus 03 – Burning Bush – Scene 04 – I AM instructions (Rock version). In which Moses is looking at gigantic carved “I AM” stone letters.
02) (This page) Exodus 03 – Burning Bush – Scene 04 – I AM instructions (Fire version). In this version I have Moses looking at large fiery “I AM” letters (in Hebrew).
A lot has been written about the “I AM” statement of God in this passage of the Bible. In this second version of the scene I decided to illustrate the importance of it by having Moses look at large fiery lettering, above the burning bush.
Very observant viewers will see that the landscape in the background is the same one I drew in Exodus 03 – Burning Bush – Scene 02 – God calls to Moses.
“YHWH- I AM
This is the name revealed to Moses when Moses asked what name he should give to the Israelites if they asked what His name was. This is the same title that Jesus used many times in the great “I AM’s” during His earthly ministry. It is the “Self-Existent One.” We are human beings but God is simply “Being” meaning He had no beginning and will He have no ending. YHWH is a Tetragrammaton and contains no vowels. In fact, God’s name was so holy that the Jews would not even dare to say it and even today, many Orthodox Jews will not even spell it out but prefer to spell it “G_d” because of their reverence for it. God told Moses to tell them, “I AM that I AM” or I am the Self-Existent, Uncreated One meaning that “I have always been and will always be.” Some Hebrew scholars believe it was spelled EHYEH but no one can say for certain and the pronunciation of this sacred name has been lost in time. It could also be stated as “I AM HE WHO IS” (EX 3:14). The Hebrew verb form of Hayah is “to be” so this is closely related to YHWH.”
Article “7 Powerful Bible Names of God with Meaning”, by Pastor Jack Wellman, Senior Writer at What Christians Want to Know ]
The trees in this scene are Umbrella Thorn Acacia (aka umbrella thorn, karamoja and Israeli babool, Acacia tortilis).
A medium to large canopied tree native primarily to the savanna and Sahel of Africa (especially Sudan), but also occurring in the Middle East. In extremely arid conditions, it may occur as a small, wiry bush. It grows up to 69 ft (21 metres) high. It tolerates drought, wind, salinity and a wide range of soil types. The bark is grey to black in colour and has a rough texture. The tree has a combination of one straight, thin thorn with a small hooked thorn alongside, growing in pairs. The flowers form in clusters on old wood, and are creamy, white balls. The pods are a distinctive pale gold brown colour and are curled and twisted. The leaves are very small giving the umbrella a soft, feathery appearance.
2:23-24 PRAYER, Mercy of God (5.51B2)
The Bible repeatedly emphasises that God hears our cry or groaning when we are oppressed (3:7,9; 22:22-23; Romans 8:23; James 5:4).
3:12-16 GOD, Personal (1.12B)
The name of God is a single Hebrew word from the verb “to be” which is translated as “I AM WHO I AM” or “I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE”. In Hebrew the word is composed of only four consonants, YHWH, because ancient Hebrew script did not contain vowels. Today no-one knows how this name would be properly pronounced. The Hebrews so revered the name of God that they never pronounced it for fear of mispronunciation. In their great reverence of this name they substituted another word (Hebrew em>’adonai) which is translated “Lord”, for this personal, covenant name of God. Today scholars believe that name was pronounced Yahweh. Many Bibles translate that name and write it all in capital letters: LORD.
Two important points can be made regarding the personal name of God:
01) God is declared to be a personal God. He is not an impersonal force, such as gravity. In biblical times the disclosure of one’s name was a very personal act, that told of one’s very nature. The implication in this passage is that God is revealing His love for the Hebrew people by initiating a personal, intimate relationship by disclosing His personal name to them. The Almighty Sovereign Creator has stooped to reveal His personal, intimate name to people whom He has chosen to be His people.
02) The personal name of God suggests that He is a living God, not a dead object or abstract idea.
There is a mystery to “I AM WHO I AM”. This name suggests God is eternal, without beginning or end. God made it clear that He was the same person who had been with the Hebrew people from the call of Abraham.
3:12-18 WORSHIP, Buildings (5.34B2)
Originally God was to be worshipped wherever He appeared (See Genesis 12:7). In the wilderness wanderings, God led the Hebrew people to build a Tabernacle (tent of meeting) as their central place of worship (See Exodus 25:8). In the Promised Land the Hebrew people worshipped at a multiplicity og local sanctuaries (See 1 Samuel 7:15-17, 9:12; 10:3,,5,8,17). God eventually chose Jerusalem (Deuteronomy 12:5) as the proper place for worship and sacrifice (1 Kings 8). There David brought the ark (2 Samuel 6:12), and Solomon built the first temple (1 Kings 5:3-5; 6:38). Synagogue worship gradually developed during the Exile or later, through the people’s desire to worship even though the destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem and/or geographical isolation made traditional Temple worship impossible.
In the synagogues prayers were offered as a substitute for sacrifices. But the synagogue was primarily a place of instruction rather than worship. The Jews had a passionate belief that the Jerusalem Temple was God’s only earthly habitation. This kept the synagogue in a subordinate position as long as the Temple stood.
In the New Testament it was not considered important where a Christian worshipped, since they knew that the Lord Jesus was with them always and everywhere. Buildings are not inherently sacred or secular. All structures and places belong equally to God. Corporate worship was shared in homes, in the open country, wherever Christians met. The expectation of the Lord’s return discouraged the building of special places of worship.
3:13-14 PRAYER, Petition (5.54D)
Some petition is inquiry. Moses’ inquiry led to the revelation of God’s self-identity in His self-existence.
3:14-17 SALVATION, Initiative (4.22B)
God takes the initiative in salvation. He gave His divine name to Mnoses at Sinai, along with His plan for deliverance.
3:16-22 HISTORY, Promise (3.33B)
History can be deceiving. Present conditions may tend to hide God’s promises. God is always faithful to His promises, and that the proper time encourages His people with new promises. No matter how we suffer in the present moment, we can trust God’s promises to deliver and save His people at the right time.