Book type: Letter (Epistle)
Author: Apostle Paul
No. of chapters: 4
Key character(s): God, Jesus, Paul, Timothy, Lois, Eunice, Phygelus, Hermogenes, Onesiphorus, Hymenaeus, Philetus, Demas, Crescens, Titus, Luke, John-Mark, Tychicus, Carpas, Alexander, Priscilla, Aquila, Erastus, Trophimus, Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, Claudia 
Brief description: 2 Timothy – The faithful pastor.
01) Greeting & recalling Timothy (1:1-5)
02) Encouragements in trials (1:6-18)
03) Ministerial instructions (2:1-26)
04) Persecution explained (3:1-13)
05) Perseverance required (3:14-4:5)
06) Farewell (4:6-22)
Paul‘s second letter to Timothy, the young leader of the Ephesian church contains the last recorded words of the apostle Paul, who at the time of writing was awaiting his trial in a Roman prison.
Paul encouraged Timothy in light of persecution from outside the church from the Roman emperor Nero, who was blaming Christians for the burning of Rome. There were also attacks from within the church, from false teachers which Paul encouraged Timothy to stand against, using the sound doctrine he had received.
01) Calling & later salvation is from God, not by our own desire.
02) Christian security is found in Christ.
03) God empowers Christian believers.
04) The whole Bible is inspired by God.
05) The source of Christian doctrine is the Bible.
06) True doctrine requires proper interpretation of the Bible.
07) The Bible is profitable in instructing Christians in righteousness, leading to maturity in faith & actions.
08) All who live Godly lives will suffer persecution.
09) The Lord will stand with persecuted Christians, preserving them so that they reach heaven.
10) Pastoral duty means preaching the Bible, enduring hardship &/or persecution, encouraging Christians, doing the work of the evangelist.
01) Sound doctrine & godly living (believe & behave) are requirements of Christian life.
02) Properly interpret the whole truth of the Bible; avoid patching together bits of it to say what we want!
03) Christians should shun lust, iniquity & impurity; running after righteousness, faith, love & peace instead.
04) The Bible says that persecution & troubles will come to the believer.
05) Christ Jesus is able to keep that which we commit to him, & will always stand with us in every situation we face.
2 Timothy 1:7 (NLT)
For God has not given us a spirit of fear and timidity, but of power, love, and self-discipline.
2 Timothy 2:8 (NLT)
Always remember that Jesus Christ, a descendant of King David, was raised from the dead. This is the Good News I preach.
2 Timothy 2:22-24 (NLT)
Run from anything that stimulates youthful lusts. Instead, pursue righteous living, faithfulness, love, and peace. Enjoy the companionship of those who call on the Lord with pure hearts. Again I say, don’t get involved in foolish, ignorant arguments that only start fights. A servant of the Lord must not quarrel but must be kind to everyone, be able to teach, and be patient with difficult people.
2 Timothy 3:16-17 (NLT)
All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives. It corrects us when we are wrong and teaches us to do what is right. God uses it to prepare and equip his people to do every good work.
Fuller list of major characters in 2 Timothy:
|Jesus||”Saviour”. Christ means “the Anointed One”. (aka Jesus of Nazareth, The Christ, The Messiah, Son of man, Son of God). The central figure of the New Testament, whose life, death, and resurrection are chronicled in the 4 Gospel books.|
|Paul||(aka Saul, “Asked for” Hebrew.) Native of Tarsus, the capital of Cilicia, a Roman province in the south-east of Asia Minor. Jew with Roman citizenship; Pharisee; persecutor of the early Christian church. Converted from Judaism to Christianity after encounter with resurrected Jesus on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-30). Thereafter called an apostle (Ro 1:1, 1Co 1:1, 2Co 1:1, Gal 1:1, Eph 1:, Col 1:1, 1Ti 1:1, 2Ti 1:1, Tit 1:1). Author of at least 13 of the 27 books of the New Testament: Romans, Phillipians, 1 & 2 Timothy, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Colossians, Titus, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Philemon, Galatians, Ephesians.|
|Timothy||Τιμόθεος, Timótheos. Mother was a Jewess convert to Christianity, his father was Greek (Acts 16:1). Resident, and probable native of Lystra a city of Lycaonia. Apostle Paul’s companion and fellow-laborer, one of Paul’s own converts (1 Corinthians 4:17). (Acts 17:14; Acts 18:5; Acts 19:22; Acts 20:4; Romans 16:21; 1 Cor. 4:17; 1 Cor. 16:10; 2 Cor. 1:1, 19; Phil. 1:1; Phil. 2:19; Col. 1:1; 1 Thes. 1:1; 1 Thes. 3:2, 6; 2 Thes. 1:1; 1 Tim. 1:2, 18; 1 Tim. 6:20; 2 Tim. 1:2; Philemon 1:1; Hebrews 13:23)|