Book type: History
Author: Possibly the prophet Jeremiah, or Ezra.
No. of chapters: 36
Key character(s): God, Solomon, the Queen of Sheba, Rehoboam, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Ahab, Jehoram, Joash, Uzziah, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Josiah. 
Brief description: 2 Chronicles – The road to revival is open after disaster.
01) Past glory was based on a wise, humble leader & devotion to God’s house (1:1-9:31)
02) God works through his people even in time of division (10:1-36:21)
03) God restored the hope of his people through an unlikely ruler who freed exiles to return home & restore God’s house of worship (36:22-23)
Does God forgive people and restore them to usefulness?
1 & 2 Chronicles provided renewed identity for God’s people in transition by reminding them of God’s holy & gracious work in the lives of his leaders. Renewed identity is based on 5 doctrines:
01) the nature of God.
02) the necessity of covenant commitment by his people.
03) the importance of worship.
04) the imperative of godly leadership.
05) the redemptive plan God is working through his people.
[Source: NIV Disciple’s Study Bible]
Second Chronicles, the companion book to 1 Chronicles, continues the history of the Hebrew people, from the reign of King Solomon to the captivity in Babylon.
The wisest and richest man on Earth, Solomon married many foreign wives, who led him into idolatry, squandering his inheritance. Second Chronicles records the reigns of the kings who followed him, some of whom destroyed the idols and high places, and others who tolerated worship of false gods.
Themes in the Book of 2 Chronicles:
Three themes permeate the book of 2 Chronicles: God’s promise to David of an eternal throne, God’s desire to abide in his holy temple, and God’s ongoing offer of forgiveness.
God honored his covenant with David to establish David’s house, or reign, forever. Earthly kings could not do that, but one of David’s descendants was Jesus Christ, who now reigns in heaven for all eternity. Jesus, the “Son of David” and King of Kings, also served as Messiah, the perfect sacrifice who died for the salvation of humanity.
Through David and Solomon, God established his temple, where people could come to worship. Solomon’s temple was destroyed by the invading Babylonians, but through Christ, God’s temple was re-established forever as his Church. Now, through baptism, the Holy Spirit dwells within every believer, whose body is a temple (1 Corinthians 3:16).
Finally, the theme of sin, loss, coming back to God, and restoration runs throughout the second half of 2 Chronicles. Clearly God is a God of love and forgiveness, always welcoming his repentant children back to him.
Fuller list of major characters in the book of 2 Chronicles:
|Solomon||Son of David, 3rd king of Israel. Famous for his wisdom. Builder of the first Temple of the Lord.|
|The Queen of Sheba||( Kingdom of Sheba was possibly Ethiopia, Yemen, South Arabian kingdom of Saba.) She journeyed to interview king Solomon with gifts of spices, gold, precious stones and beautiful wood and to test him with questions.|
|Rehoboam||Son of Solomon and a grandson of David. Initially king of the United Monarchy of Israel but after the ten northern tribes of Israel rebelled in 932/931 BC to form the independent Kingdom of Israel he was king of Judah (the southern kingdom.)|
|Asa||3rd king of the Kingdom of Judah and the 5th king of the House of David. Son of Abijam, grandson of Rehoboam, and great-grandson of Solomon.|
|Jehoshaphat||4th king of the Kingdom of Judah, and successor of his father Asa. His children included Jehoram, who succeeded him as king. His mother was Azubah.|
|Ahab||7th king of Israel (since Jeroboam I.) Son and successor of Omri. Husband of Jezebel of Sidon. Ahab became king of Israel in the 38th year of Asa, king of Judah.|
|Jehoram of Judah||5th king of the Kingdom of Judah. Son of king Jehoshaphat.|
|Jehoram of Israel||8th king of the northern Kingdom of Israel. Son of king Ahab & Jezebel. Brother to King Ahaziah.|
|Joash of Judah||8th king of Judah since his fourth great-grandfather Rehoboam, and the sole surviving son of Ahaziah of Israel. His mother was Zibiah of Beersheba.|
|Uzziah||16 years old when the people made him king of Judah. One of Amaziah’s sons.|
|Ahaz||12th king of Judah, and the son and successor of Jotham.|
|Hezekiah||Son of Ahaz and 13th king of Judah.|
|Manasseh||14th king of Judah. Only son of Hezekiah with Hephzi-bah.|
|Josiah||16th king of Judah. Made king at age 8, after the assassination of his father, King Amon, and reigned for 31 years.|